September 30, 2011

Roy Spencer

Blue Army: Persons of Interest

Roy Spencer:
Twenty years ago, as a PhD scientist, I intensely studied the evolution versus intelligent design controversy for about two years.
[Despite] my previous acceptance of evolutionary theory as "fact," I came to the realization that intelligent design, as a theory of origins, is no more religious, and no less scientific, than evolutionism. …
Indeed, I was convinced of the intelligent design arguments based upon the science alone.
(Faith-Based Evolution, TCS Daily, 8 August 2005)

Spencer is a signatory to An Evangelical Declaration on Global Warming
(7 July 2016)

Cornwall Alliance

  • We believe Earth and its ecosystems — created by God’s intelligent design and infinite power and sustained by His faithful providence — are robust, resilient, self-regulating, and self-correcting, admirably suited for human flourishing, and displaying His glory.
    Earth’s climate system is no exception.
    Recent global warming is one of many natural cycles of warming and cooling in geologic history.
  • We believe [that] fossil and nuclear fuels are indispensable if energy is to be abundant and affordable.
  • We believe [that] mandatory reductions in carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas emissions … will harm the poor …
  • [We believe that there] is no convincing scientific evidence that human contribution to greenhouse gases is causing dangerous global warming. …
  • We deny that carbon dioxide — essential to all plant growth — is a pollutant. …
  • We call on Christian leaders to … embrace Biblical thinking [and] sound science
  • We call on political leaders to adopt policies that protect human liberty …

(An Evangelical Declaration on Global Warming, 1 May 2009)


Global War on Disinformation

56 million BCE Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM).
c 270 BCE Aristarchus of Samos (310 ~ 230 BCE) proposes the heliocentric hypothesis.
1543 Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) publishes his heliocentric model based on circular orbits.
1609-19 Johannes Kepler (1571–1630)) publishes his laws of planetary motion using the observations of Tycho Brahe (1546–1601) based on elliptical orbits.
1610 Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) in publishes his observations of the Jovian moons.
1687 Kepler's laws are subsumed within Isaac Newton's (1642-1726) laws of motion and universal gravitation.
1807 Slave trade abolished in the British Empire.
1827 Jean-Baptiste Joseph Fourier (1768–1830)) calculates that without the greenhouse effect the temperature of the earth's surface would average -15°C.
1833 Factory Act in England forbids employment of children under nine in factories.
Slavery abolished in the British colonies.
1834 'Tolpuddle Martyrs': 6 Dorset labourers transported to Australia for conspiracy to form a trade union.
1887 Victoria, Queen of Britain (to 1901).
1839 Britain and Afghanistran at war.
1846 Potato famine peaks in Ireland — around a million die by 1851.
Corn Laws repealed in Britain.
1859Charles Darwin (1809–1882) publishes the On The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.
1860 John Tyndall (1820–1893) measures the absorption of infrared radiation by carbon dioxide and speculates that a decrease in the greenhouse effect might cause the Ice Ages.
1863 The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is founded in Geneva by Jean Henry Dunant (1828–1910).
1896 Svante Arrhenius (1859–1927) estimates that a doubling of atmospheric CO2 by the burning of fossil fuels would result in a 5 to 6 degree C increase in global temperatures (Arrhenius, 1896).
1916 Newton's laws are subsumed within Albert Einstein's (1879–1955) theory of general relativity.
1919 Treaty of Versailles sets events in motion which lead to the Second World War.
(16 June)
1940 Guy Stewart Callendar (1898-1964) calculates the warming due to the increasing carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels.
1943 The Institute of Public Affairs is established by a group of Melbourne businessmen led by G J Coles.
It is closely linked with Australian conservative political parties principally the Liberal Party of Australia.
1948 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is adopted in Paris.
1949 The Geneva Convention is ratified fully or with reservations by 194 countries.
1950 Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature.
1954 American intervention at the Geneva peace conference following the defeat of the French in Indochina prolongs the Vietnamese conflict for a further 21 years and leads to the destabilization of Laos and the Cambodian genocide.
Menzies government signs the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees (Singer and Gregg, 2004, p 40).
1957 Roger Revelle and Hans Suess (Scripps Institute of Oceanography, California) point out that humans are carrying out a large-scale geophysical experiment with the build-up of atmospheric carbon dioxide.
1958 Charles Keeling (1928–2005) begins making routine measurements of carbon dioxide levels at the Mauna Kea observatory in Hawaii.
1961 Amnesty International founded in London by Peter Benenson (1921–2005).
1965 Lyndon Johnson (1908–1973):
This generation has altered the composition of the atmosphere on a global scale through a steady increase in carbon dioxide from the burning of fossil fuels.
(Oreskes, 2011).
Doubt is our product … since it is the best means of competing with the body of fact that exists in the minds of the general public.
(Tobacco industry memo, 1969)
1970's Richard Nixon (1913–1994) enacts the Clean Air Act Extension, the Clean Water Act, the Endangered Species Act, the Marine Mammal Protection Act, and the National Environmental Policy Act and establishes the Environment Protection Agency (Oreskes, 2011).
1971 Greenpeace founded in Vancouver.

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) founded.
1977 The Cato Institute established by Edward H Crane and Charles Koch.
The institute has been active in opposing action on climate change.

Amnesty International is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for its "campaign against torture"
1978 Human Rights Watch is founded in New York.
1979 Frederick Seitz (1911–2008) joins the R J Reynolds Tobacco company as a consultant and disperses $45 million to scientists whose research disputes the adverse effects of smoking (Oreskes, 2011).
1981 "Ploughshares Fund founded by San Francisco philanthropist, artist and activist Sally Lilienthal."
1983 The High Court rules in favor of the Commonwealth in Commonwealth vs Tasmania thus preventing the damming of the Franklin river.
(1 July)
1984 The George C Marshall Institute is established by physicists Robert Jastrow, William Nierenberg (1919–2000) and Fred Seitz to support the Strategic Defence Initiative and subsequently to undermine environmental science.
1985 "Rainbow Warrior … sunk whilst in harbour in New Zealand by operatives of the French intelligence service (DGSE) … killing one of the activists."
(10 July)
1987 Hansen and Lebedeff publish the first ‘unequivocal’ evidence of a climate signal indicating that anthropogenic warming is predominating over cooling (Hansen and Lebedeff, 1987).
1988 The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel Climate Change (IPCC) is established by the World Meteorological Association and the United Nations Environment Fund.
Current membership is 194 countries (IPCC, 2011).
1990 The Discovery Institute is founded:
[B]est known for its advocacy of intelligent design.
IPCC First Assessment Report (FAR) forms the basis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
1992 George H W Bush signs the UNFCCC at the UN Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and calls for:
concrete action to protect the planet
(Oreskes, 2011).
(3-14 June)
UNFCCC comes into force after being signed by 192 countries.
1996 IPCC Second Assessment Report (SAR).
1997 Byrd-Hagel resolution passed by the US Senate by a vote of 97-0 blocks ratification of the Kyoto Protocol.
(25 July)
Kyoto Protocol adopted.
(11 December)
1988 Climategate:
Six committees investigated the allegations and published reports [found] no evidence of fraud or scientific misconduct.
1999 Final provisions of the Glass-Steagall Act repealed.
2001 Al Qaeda attacks in New York and Virginia.
(11 September)
IPCC Third Assessment Report (TAR).
(29 September)
2002Australia declines to ratify the Optional Protocol on the Convention against Torture (Singer and Gregg, 2004, p 40).
2003 Iraq is invaded by the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia and Poland on the pretext of non-existent weapons of mass destruction.
(19 March)
2005 Kyoto Protocol came into effect.
(16 February)
The Australian Environment Foundation, a front organization for the IPA is established.
(World Environment Day, 5 June)
2006 Davis Guggenheim's An Inconvenient Truth featuring Al Gore is released.
Would you like to know more
2007 Jeremy Rifkin's concept for a Third Industrial Revolution is endorsed by the European Parliament (EP, 2007).

Al Gore and the IPCC awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.
(10 December)

Howard government adopts recommendation to introduce an emission trading scheme ahead of any global agreement (Turnbull, 2010).
Wikileaks launched by The Sunshine Press.
IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4).
2008New Zealand Emissions Trading Scheme is legislated.
2009 COP15/CMP5 at Copenhagen.
The United States, Brazil, South Africa, India and China sign the Copenhagen Accord.
2010 Inside Job awarded Oscar for Best Documentary Feature (2011)
COP16/CMP6 at Cancun.
(29 November to 10 December)
2011 The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) begins regulating greenhouse gases (GHGs) under the Clean Air Act.
(2 January)

UK Sustainable Development Commission closed by the Cameron government.
(31 March)

Greenpeace activists break into a CSIRO research farm near Canberra and destroy a field trial of genetically modified wheat (Preston, 2011).
(14 July)

Australian House of Representatives passes carbon tax legislation.
(12 October)

Australian Senate passes carbon tax legislation.
(8 November)

COP17/CMP7 at Durban.
(28 November — 11 December)

Canada withdraws from Kyoto Treaty (Ljunggren and Palmer, 2011).
(11 December)
2013 The Australian Climate Commission is closed by the Abbott government the day after assuming office.
(19 September)
2014 Australia becomes the first nation on Earth to abolish a carbon price
(17 July)
IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (AR5).
(1 November)



Green Army: Persons of Interest

Global War on Disinformation

Free at Last

(Stephen Ives, Roads to Memphis, PBS American Experience, 2010)

Theodore Parker (1810 – 1860): Look at the facts of the world:
You see a continual and progressive triumph of the right.
I do not pretend to understand the moral universe — the arc is a long one [and] my eye reaches but little ways …
[Yet,] from what I [can see,] it bends towards justice.

Martin Luther King Jnr (1929 – 68)

Injustice anywhere, is a threat to justice everywhere.
(April 1963)

[If] a man has not discovered something that he [is willing to] die for, he isn't fit to live.
(Speech during the Great March on Detroit, Cobo Hall, 23 June 1963)

[I] have a dream.
It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream.

I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed, [that:]
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.

I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. …

I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, … little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. …

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight …

This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with:
  • With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope.
  • With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood.
  • With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

And this will be the day … when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning:
My country 'tis of thee, sweet land of liberty, of thee I sing.
Land where my fathers died, land of the Pilgrim's pride,
From every mountainside, let freedom ring! …
And so:
  • Let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire.
  • Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York.
  • Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania.
  • Let freedom ring from the snow-capped Rockies of Colorado.
  • Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California. …
  • Let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia.
  • Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee.
  • Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi.
  • From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

And when this happens, when we allow freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children —
  • black men and white men,
  • Jews and Gentiles,
  • Protestants and Catholics,
— will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual:
Free at last!
Free at last!
Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!
(I Have A Dream, Lincoln Memorial, Washington DC, 28 August 1963)

Let us rise up tonight with a greater readiness.
Let us stand with a greater determination.
And let us move on in these powerful days, these days of challenge to make America what it ought to be. …

… I don't know what will happen now; we've got some difficult days ahead.
But it doesn't matter with me now.
Because I've been to the mountaintop.
And I don't mind.

Like anybody, I would like to live a long life. …
But I'm not concerned about that now.
I just want to do God's will.
And He's allowed me to go up to the mountain.
And I've looked over.
And I've seen the promised land.

I may not get there with you.
But I want you to know tonight, that we, as a people, will get to the promised land.
And I'm happy, tonight.
I'm not worried about anything.
I'm not fearing any man.
[For, mine] eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord.

(I've been to the mountain top, Memphis, Tennessee, 3 April 1968)

Nina Simone (1933 – 2003)

I wish I knew how
It would feel to be free
I wish I could break
All the chains holding me
I wish I could say
All the things that I should say
Say 'em loud, say 'em clear
For the whole round world to hear

I wish I could share
All the love that's in my heart
Remove all the bars
That keep us apart
I wish you could know
What it means to be me
Then you'd see and agree
That every man should be free

I wish I could give
All I'm longin' to give
I wish I could live
Like I'm longin' to live
I wish I could do
All the things that I can do
And though I'm way over due
I'd be starting anew

Well I wish I could be
Like a bird in the sky
How sweet it would be
If I found I could fly
Oh I'd soar to the sun
And look down at the sea
Then I'd sing 'cause I know,
How it feels to be free

(Dick Dallas & Billy Taylor, I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel to Be Free, Silk and Soul, 1967)

A New Birth of Freedom

David Grubin:
[In the lead up to the 1864 presidential election, the] Democrats were about to nominate the former Union Commander, George McClellan, still popular, still ambitious.
Lincoln believed McClellan was likely to try to end the war by promising to rescind emancipation. …
The Democrats were calling for an immediate armistice and negotiations with the South.
(Abraham and Mary Lincoln: A House Divided, PBS American Experience, 2001)

Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826):

The whole commerce between master and slave is a perpetual exercise of the most boisterous passions.
The most unremitting despotism, on the one part.
And degrading submissions, on the other. …
Indeed, I tremble for my country when I reflect:
  • that God is just [and]
  • that his justice cannot sleep for ever …
Nothing is more certainly written in the Book of Fate than that these people are to be free.

William Herndon (1818 – 1891):
If Lincoln ever had a happy day in 20 years, I never knew of it.
A perpetual look of sadness was his most prominent feature.
Melancholy dripped from him as he walked.
(p 79)

Dale Carnegie (1888 – 1955):
The great tragedy of Lincoln's life was not his assassination, but his marriage.
When Booth fired, Lincoln did not know what had hit him, but for 23 years he had reaped almost daily what Herndon described as "the bitter harvest of conjugal infelicity."
(Lincoln the Unknown, 1932, Windmill Press, 1947, p 195)

Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865)

I desire to so conduct the affairs of this administration that if, at the end, when I come to lay down the reins of power, I have lost every other friend on earth, I shall at least have one fried left, and that friend shall be deep down in side of me …
I am not bound to win, but I am bound to be true.
I am not bound to succeed but I am bound to live up to the light I have.
(Peoria, 16 October 1854)

  • If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it, and
  • if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do it; and
  • if I could save it by freeing some and leaving others alone I would also do that.

What I do about slavery, and the colored race, I do because I believe it helps to save the Union; and what I forbear, I forbear because I do not believe it would help to save the Union.
(Letter to Horace Greeley, 1862)

I am opposed to Negro citizenship in any and every form.
I believe this government was made by white men for the benefit of white men and their posterity for ever. …
I have no purpose to introduce political and social equality between the white and the black races.
There is a physical difference between the two, which, in my judgment, will probably forever forbid their living together on the footing of perfect equality.
He is not my equal in many respects, certainly not in color, perhaps not in intellectual or moral endowment.
But in the right to eat the bread … which his own hand earns, he is my equal and the equal of … every other man. …

A house divided against itself cannot stand.
I believe this government cannot endure, permanently half slave and half free.
I do not expect the union to be dissolved — I do not expect the house to fall — but I do expect it will cease to be divided.
It will become all one thing, or all the other.

It was [the American Constitution] which gave promise that in due time the weights should be lifted from the shoulders of all men, and that all should have an equal chance. …
If this country cannot be saved without giving up that principle … I would rather be assassinated on this spot than to surrender it.
(11 February 1861)

Though passion may have strained, it must not break our bonds of affection.
The mystic chords of memory, stretching from every battlefield, and patriot grave, to every living heart and hearthstone, all over this broad land, will yet swell the chorus of the Union, when again touched, as surely they will be, by the better angels of our nature.
(4 March 1861)

Neither party expected for the war the magnitude or the duration which it has already attained.
Both read the same Bible and pray to the same God, and each invokes his aid against the other.
The prayers of both could not be answered.
That of neither has been answered fully.
The Almighty has his own purposes. …

Fondly do we hope — fervently do we pray — that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away.
Yet, if God wills that it continue, until all the wealth piled by the bond-man's 250 years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash, shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said 3,000 years ago, so still it must be said:
The judgments of the Lord, are true and righteous altogether.
(Psalms 19:9)
  • With malice toward none;
  • with charity for all;
  • with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see the right;
let us strive on:
  • to finish the work we are in;
  • to bind up the nation's wounds;
  • to care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan,
  • to do all which may achieve and cherish a just, and a lasting peace, among ourselves, and with all nations.
(Second Inaugural Address, 4 March 1865)

Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude … shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
(Thirteenth Amendment, Section 1, US Constitution, 18 December 1865)

(David Grubin, Abraham and Mary Lincoln: A House Divided, PBS American Experience, 2001)

September 24, 2011

Green Army: Finance, Research and Development

Global War on Disinformation

George Soros (1930):
There has been an ongoing conflict between market values and other, more traditional value systems …
Advertising, marketing, even packaging, aim at shaping people's preferences rather than, as laissez-faire theory holds, merely responding to them.
Unsure of what they stand for, people increasingly rely on money as the criterion of value.
What is more expensive is considered better.
The value of a work of art can be judged by the price it fetches.
People deserve respect and admiration because they are rich.
What used to be a medium of exchange has usurped the place of fundamental values, reversing the relationship postulated by economic theory.
What used to be professions have turned into businesses.
The cult of success has replaced a belief in principles.
(The Capitalist Threat, The Atlantic Monthly, 279:2, pp 45-58, February 1997)

Jarecki Eugene [Documentary Film Maker]:
The 400 richest Americans today, now have more money than the bottom 150 million. …
[The Pew Research center has demonstrated that] 300 people incarcerated per 100,000 in a society …
deters crime …
As you climb from 300 to 500 you start to see a diminishing impact on crime — you stop fighting crime with that incarceration …
Beyond 500 you [create] more crime than you are deterring.
We incarcerate 740 per 100,000 in America [— more than China or Russia.]
And in 10 American cities, African Americans are incarcerated at a rate of 4000 per 100,000.
Ten times the recommended dosage.
(The House I Live In, RSA, 20 May 2013)

Kate Raworth [Senior Researcher, Oxfam]:
What would it take to end [world] hunger?
It would take 3% of the current global food supply.
30% of today's food supply is lost, wasted or thrown away in the supply chain.
So we're looking for 10% of what we don't even eat at the moment.
(Doughnut Economics: Creating a safe and just space for humanity, RSA, 18 October 2012)

Matthew Taylor (1960) [Chief Executive, RSA]:
If you want to be happy for a year — get married.
If you want to be happy for a decade — get a dog.
If you want to be happy for the whole of your life — get a garden.
(The Power to Act: A New Angle on Our Toughest Problems, RSA, 12 September 2012)

Would you like to know more?

Earth is our Business

Polly Higgins: Lawyer

There was a man who sat underneath and oak tree.
And he came to a very important decision in his life.
He decided that it was time to abolish slavery.
His name was William Wilberforce.
Now, when William Wilberforce started on his journey, he didn't know how long it would take for that outcome to become a reality.
He didn't know whether or not it would happen in his lifetime.
In fact it did.
Despite all the odds being stacked against him, two days before he died, the laws were passed.
He died a happy man.
And that triggered a ripple effect right across the world.
Now that's a man who didn't have Facebook of Google.
We do. …

Today we can do the same.
It's a different form of slavery.
Instead of it being human beings, it's … the earth itself that's become enslaved …
… I believe, that by creating an international law of ecocide, we can … end the era of ecocide. …
The extensive destruction, damage to or loss of ecosystems(s) of a given territory, whether by human agency or be other causes, to such an extent that peaceful enjoyment by the inhabitants of that territory has been severe diminished. …
We know we can use technology and innovation in another way.
We do have solutions.
[It's about] facilitating a governance system that allows industry to flourish.
I really don't want to see economies collapse over this. …
Because he was absolutely clear that you have to make sure that industry is held in place in a transition period.
And in fact … not one of those three hundred companies [who were dependent on slavery] went underwater.
A lot of them went on to trading in tea in China and some of them became policers of the sea.
So you get poacher turning gamekeeper if you like.
So they were all helped financially … so that the economy didn't falter …
Now if that means we throw extra money at this problem in the short term to get through a transition period, so be it.
[It] will create more resilient economies in the long run. …

(RSA, 16 May 2012)

Would you like to know more?